Qurbaani or the Sacrifice of animals on the 10th, 11th and 12th Zil-Hajj, is a very lofty Ibadat decreed by Allah Ta’ala in commemoration of Nabi Ibraahim Alaihis Salaam’s supreme sacrifice of his son Ismaail (Alaihis Salaam) at the altar of Allah’s command. The father offering the sacrifice of his little boy, the Love of Allah Ta’ala was not a jocular affair nor an occasion of play or amusement. The noble father and khaleel (friend) of Allah Ta’ala was ordered to slit the throat of his beloved son with his own hands. He passed his trial with the highest degree of success and Allah Ta’ala substituted a ram for Ismaail (alayhis salam).
It is to commemorate this wonderful and supreme sacrifice of Nabi Ibraahim (alayhis salaam) that we have to sacrifice animals each year on the occasion of Eidul Adha. Keeping in mind what this ibadat is all about, when the Muslim is about to slaughter or have his animal) slaughtered, he should bring to his mind Hadhrat Ibraahim (alayhis salaam) slaughtering his son Hadhrat Ismaail (alayhis salaam). But this thought is furthest from the minds of most people who make the Qurbaani.
One of the gravest acts of transgression committed in negation of the spirit underlying Qurbaani is the gross maltreatment met out to the sacrificial animals. Animals are dragged, kept hungry and thirsty in fear. They are slaughtered at times with blunt knives and by incompetent persons who instead of effecting the Thabah with a clean cut, saw at the neck of the animal. This cruel act – Zulm – is a major sin which destroys much of the thawaab of the Qurbaani.
Animals are slaughtered and skinned in the presence of other live animals. The skinning process begins even before the slaughtered animal has become motionless. While some signs of life remain, workers commence skinning the animals. All these act are reprehensible, cruel, un-Islamic and haram.
Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: “Verily Allah Ta’ala has decreed kindness for everything. Therefore, when you kill then effect the killing, when you slaughter, then slaughter kindly. Sharpen your knife and be merciful to the animal.” (Muslim, ibn Majah, Nisai)
Hadhrat Ibn Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) said: Nabi وسلم علیھ الله صلى commanded that the knife be sharpened and that it (the knife) be concealed from the animal, and he said: “When anyone of you slaughters he should make haste.” (Ibn Majah)
This hadith in fact informs us of the understanding which the animal posses. The sight of the knife can produce fear in the animal. It should, therefore, not be displayed in its presence. The animal should not be kept down unnecessarily. It should be put on the ground only at the precise moment of slaughter. After laying it down facing the Qublah, there should be no unnecessary delay in slaughtering it.
In one Hadith Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam prohibitied dragging of the animal. He ordered that the animal be held by the neck. Nabi-e-kareem Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam also forbade that the animal be kept hungry and thirsty while it awaits to be slaughtered.
Once Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) saw a man sharpening his knife after he had laid down the animal. Hadhrat Umar (radhiyallahu anhu) struck the man with his whip and exclaimed: “Do you want to cause many deaths to the animal?”
In other words, creating fear in the animal was like multiplying death for it. Those who maltreat animals and perform cruelly when sacrificing them should remember that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: “Beware of the Dua (curse) of the mazloom, for there is no barrier between if (the curse or call of the mazloom) and Allah.”
Any person or animal who is oppressed or wronged or brutalized is a mazloom, so beware of the curse which emanates from the hearts of even these dumb animals. They are Allah’s makhluq (creation). No one is entitled to perpetrate zulm on them. Those making Qurbaani should take note of the under mentioned essential requirements:
The knife must be very sharp.
The animals should be properly fed if they have been acquired some time before slaughter
An animal must not be slaughtered in front of another animal.
The animal brought for slaughtering should not see the blood of the other animals.
Animals should not be skinned while there is any sign of life visible in them.
An animal taken for slaughtering should not be led passed animals which are being skinned.
The animal should be caught and brought only when the slaughterer is ready for slaughtering. Usually workers grab hold of the animal well in advance. They hold the animal captive while the slaughterer is still engaged in slaughtering another animal.
The animal should be laid down facing the Qiblah.
The neck of the animal should not be sawed. Clean cuts should be effected.
Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said; “He who shows no mercy, mercy will not be shown to him”
Seeking Allah’s forgiveness and humbling ourselves in front of Him in supplication and prayers during the latter part of the night is an act of worship that is very beloved to Allah, Glorified and Exalted be He.
Allah Almighty calls out to His servants in the latter part of the night: “Is there anyone to invoke Me, so that I may respond to his invocation? Is there anyone to ask Me, so that I may grant him his request? Is there anyone seeking My forgiveness, so that I may forgive him?” (Bukhaari, Muslim)
We should seize this opportunity and beg Allah, Glorified and Exalted be He, for His Divine Generosity and Mercy. We should ask Him as Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam taught us “Our Lord, bless us with the best of this world and the best of hereafter and save us from the fire of Hell.”
Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has mentioned that Jannat becomes waajib for that person who worships Allah Ta’ala on five nights. i.e. The night of Tarwiya ( 8th of Thul Hijja), the night of Arafah (9th of Thul Hijja), the night of nahr (10th of Thul Hijja), the night of Eid ul Fitr and the night of the 15th of Sha’baan.
Abu Hurairah Radiallahu Anhu relates that the Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said, "There are no days more loved to Allah for you to worship Him therein than the ten days of Dhul Hijja. Fasting any day during it is equivalent to fasting one year and to offer salatul tahajjud (late-night prayer) during one of its nights is like performing the late night prayer on the night of power. [i.e., Lailatul Qadr]." [This is related by at-Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, and al-Baihaqi]
5. Make Sincere Repentance
Allah Ta’aala loves those who repent to Him in complete submission. The act of sincere repentance to Allah with intention to never return to His disobedience and sin is very dear to Him. Return to Allah by giving up all the deeds, open and secret, that He dislikes. Be regretful of your sins and disobedience and resolve to never return to sin and to firmly adhere to the path which Allah loves. Remember that the repentful sinner is better than the proudful worshipper.
Allah Ta’aala says, “But as for him who repented, believed and did righteous deeds, then he will be among those who are successful.” [Al-Qasas 28:67]
6. Return to the Book of Allah (The Quran)
It is time to dust off your copy of the Quran. Establish a beautiful new relationship with the book of Allah starting in these ten days of Dhul-Hijja. Recite its verses and you will reap its blessings. Understand its message. Implement the commandments of this book in your life. This relationship with the Quran will open for you the doors of wisdom and happiness in your life. This will ultimately lead to guidance and success in this life and the Hereafter.
7. Increase in doing ALL good deeds
If you are not able to perform Hajj this year, occupy yourself during these blessed days by any and every possible good deed. Every act that is done with sincerity for the pleasure of Allah Ta’aala will bring you closer to Him.
“So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom, shall see it; and whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom, shall see it.“ [Al-Zalzalah 99:7-8]
Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said, “Nothing will be heavier on the Day of Resurrection in the Scale of the believer than good manners…” (Tirmidhi)
8. Make lots of Du’a
Make as much du’a as you can during these blessed days, especially on the day of Arafah. The best du’a is that which is made on the day of Arafah:
It was narrated from ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas (Radiallahu Anhu) that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said:
“The best of du’a is du’a on the day of ‘Arafah, and the best that I and the Ambiyaa before me said is ‘Laa ilaaha ill-Allah wahdahu la shareeka lah, lahul-mulk wa lahul-hamd wa huwa ‘ala kulli shay’in qadeer (There is no god but Allah alone, with no partner or associate; His is the dominion, to Him be praise, and He has power over all things).” (Tirmidhi)
9. One must perform Qurbaani if Qurbaani is waajib on him.
Aaisha (Radhiallahu Anha) reports that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said:
“There is nothing dearer to Allah Ta’ala during the days of Qurbaani than the spilling of blood (i.e. the sacrificing of animals). The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of Qiyaamah with its horns, hair and hooves (to be weighed) .The sacrifice is accepted by Allah Ta’ala before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore, carry out the Qurbaani in a condition that your heart is pleased and happy to fulfil the command of Allah Ta’ala."
“Whoever has the capacity to sacrifice and does not do so, should not come to the place where the Eid prayer is offered.” Ibn Majah Shareef
And Allah Ta'ala (الله تعالى) knows best and is All Seeing and All Hearing. May He inspire us and grant us the great favour of practising on all that His beloved Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam has been sent with and may He accept all of our efforts and sacrifices. Aaameen.
Allah Ta’aala says: "That they might witness things that are of benefit to them (i.e., reward of Hajj in the Hereafter, and also some worldly gain from trade, etc.), and mention the name of Allah on appointed days, over the beast of cattle that He has provided for them (for sacrifice)..." [al-Hajj 22:28]
Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said: “There are no days on which good deeds are greater or more beloved to Allah than on these ten days, so recite much Tahleel (saying Laa ilaaha ill-Allah), Takbeer (saying Allahu Akbar) and Tahmeed (saying Alhamdu Lillaah).” (Ahmad)
It is Sunnah to say Takbeer ("Allahu akbar"), Tahmeed ("Al-hamdu Lillaah"), Tahleel ("La ilaha ill-Allah") and Tasbeeh ("Subhaan Allah") during the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. The idea behind reminding the people to recite Takbeer is that each one should recite it individually, not in unison, as there is no basis in Sharee'ah for doing this.
Imam Bukhari Rahmatullahi Alayhi said: "Ibn 'Umar and Abu Hurayrah, Radiallahu Anhum, used to go out to the markets in the ten days saying the takbeer causing the people to follow them in this action."
He also said: "'Umar ibn Al-Khattab Radiallahu Anhu used to say the takbeer on his mimbar in Mina, whereupon the people of the Masjid hearing 'Umar Radiallahu Anhu, would start to say the takbeer as would the people in the markets until the whole of Mina was locked in glorifying Allah."
Ibn 'Umar Radiallahu Anhu used to say the takbeer in Mina during these ten days and after prayers, whilst on his bed, in his tent, in his gathering and whilst walking. What is recommended is to say the takbeer aloud due to the fact that 'Umar ibn Al-Khattab, his son and Abu Hurayrah Radiallahu Anhum used to do likewise.
The Takbeer may include the words "Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, la ilaaha ill-Allah; wa Allahu akbar wa Lillaahil- hamd (Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, there is no deity worthy of worship but Allah; Allah is Most Great and to Allah be praise)," as well as other phrases.
There are a number of ways of making takbeer that have been narrated by the companions and their followers and from these ways is the following:
Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar kabirun.
Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, la ilaha illallahu, wallahu akbar, Allahu akbar, wa lillahil hamd.
Allahu akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu akbar, la ilaha illallahu, wallahu akbar, Allahu akbar wa lillahil hamd.
Takbeer-ut-Tashreeq after every Fard Salaah
As from the Fajr of the 9th Zul Hijjah upto Asr prayer of the 13th, it is obligatory on each Muslim to recite the Takbeer of Tashreeq in the following words:
Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar, la ilaha illallahu, wallahu akbar, Allahu akbar, wa lillahil hamd.
Allah is great. Allah is great. There is no god but Allah and Allah is great. Allah is great and to Allah belongs all praise.
According to authentic Islamic sources, it is obligatory on each Muslim to recite this Takbeer after every obligatory (Fard) salaah. For women also it is commendable, not obligatory. Whether you are performing salaah with Jama’ah (collectively) or on your own (individually) makes no difference, it must be recited. Male Muslims should recite it in a loud voice, while females should recite it in a low voice.
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Wednesday 14 Dhul-Qadah 1440 17 July 2019
THE SUNNAH OF LOOKING AFTER ONES HOUSEHOLD
Hakim bin Hizam Radiallahu Anhu reported Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam having said this:
The most excellent Sadaqa or the best of Sadaqa is that after giving which the (giver) remains rich and the upper hand is better than the lower hand, and begin from the members of your household.
It has been narrated on the authority of Ibn 'Umar that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said:
Beware! every one of you is a shepherd and everyone is answerable with regard to his flock. The Caliph is a shepherd over the people and shall be questioned about his. A man is a guardian over the members of his family and shall be questioned about. A woman is a guardian over the household of her husband and his children and shall be questioned about them. A slave is a guardian over the property of his master and shall be questioned about. Beware, every one of you is a guardian and every one of you shall be questioned with regard to his trust.
Narrated Qatada Radiallahu Anhu
Anas Radiallahu Anhu went to Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam with barley bread having some dissolved fat on it. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam had mortgaged his armor to a Jew in Medina and took from him some barley for his family. Anas Radiallahu Anhu heard him saying, "The household of Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) did not possess even a single Sa (2.5kg) of wheat or food grains for the evening meal, although he has nine wives to look after."
Al-Aswad Radiallahu Anhu said, "I asked 'A'isha Radiallahu Anha, may Allah be pleased with her, 'What did Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam do when he was with his family?' She replied, 'He would do chores for his family, and when it was time for the prayer, he would go out.'"
Hisham Radiallahu Anhu said, "I asked 'A'isha Radiallahu Anha, 'What did Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam do in his house?' She replied, 'He did what one of you would do in his house. He mended sandals and patched garments and sewed."
'Amra Radiallahu Anhu reported that 'A'isha Radiallahu Anha was asked, "What did Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam do in his house?" She replied, "He was a man like other men. He removed the fleas from his garment and milked his sheep."