The ma’mulaat or devotional practices which the Saalik has to adopt are vastly beneficial in this Path. These ma’mulaat are listed hereunder.
TAHAJJUD: The Saalik should perform four, eight or twelve rak’ats in the latter part of the night. If he is unable to do so in the latter part of the night then as the last resort he should perform at least four raka’ts (with the intention of Tahajjud) at the time of Ishaa.
THE THIRTEEN TASBEEH: Either at the time of Tahajjud or after Ishaa Salaat, the following should be recited:
لآ اِلَهَ اِلاَّ الله
a. Laa ilaaha il lal laah (Two Tasbeehs) i.e. 200 times). This is called the Tasbeeh of Nafl (negative) and Ithbaat (positive).
b. Il-lal laahu (Four Tasberhs–400 times) اِلاَّ اللهُ
c. Allaahu Allaah (Six Tasbeehs–600 times) اَللهُ اَللهُ
d. Allaahu (One Tasbeeh – 100 times) اَللهُ
Between the Sunnat and Fardh of Fajr, 41 times Surah Faatifiah, beginning each time with Bismillaah.
AFTER FAJR SALAAT: Surah Yaaseen Shareef, some tilaawat of the Qur’aan Shareef, at ]east a quarter Juz; those who have memorized Surahs should recite all such Surahs (if they are unable to make tilaawat); whenever opportunity affords, one Manzil of Munaajaat-e-Maqbool together with Hizbul Jiryaa; and 41 times the following:
This should also be recited at least three times before making Thikr.
ISHRAAQ: Perform two or four raka’ts Ishraaq Salaat.
CHAASHT: Immediately after Ishraaq or a bit later perform two, four or six raka’ts.
AFTER ZUHR: Recite Surah Innaa Fatahnaa laka (Surah Fatah) and make Thikr of the word, ا لله as much as time permits, or recite اَ للهُ اَلله (Allaahu Allah) five hundred times.
AFTER ASR: Recite Surah Amma Yatasaa aloon (Surah Nabaa) and one Tasbeeh, the Aayat:
AFTER MAGHRIB: Four raka’ts Salaatul Awwaabeen or six raka’ts. If time permits make Thikr of Allaah اَلله. Recite Surah Waaqiah.
AFTER ISHAA: Recite Surah Mulk and Surah Alif Laam Meem Sajdah. Recite Istighfaar in the following way:
Recite the above Istighfaar 100 times or 70 times. If one feels very sleepy or tired then recite it 41 times.
MUHAASABAH: i.e. to take stock of one’s deeds: At the time of going to bed reflect about your deeds. When recalling a righteous act, be thankful (make shukr), and when recalling a sinful act, be regretful. Remind your nafs of the rebuke and punishment of Allah Ta’ala for sins and pledge not to approach sin in the future. During the day recall this pledge.
CONSTANT THIKR: While reclining, sitting, walking, etc., always recite the Kalimah. Recite
لآ اِلَهَ اِلاَّ الله
constantly and whenever the breadth breaks, add:
مُحَمَّدٌ رَّسُوْلُ ا للهِ صَلَّى ا للهُ تَعَا لى عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمْ
After every Salaat recite Aayatul Kursi and Tasbeeh Faatimah, i.e. Insert Arabic سُبْحَانَ الله 33 times; اَلْحَمْدُ الله 33 times and اَلله اَكْبَرُ 34 times. If time allows, recite the following Tasbeeh a hundred times after Zuhr, Maghrib and Ishaa:
سُبْحَانَ الله وَ اَلْحَمْدُ الله وَ لآ اِلَهَ اِلاَّ اللهُ وَ اَلله اَكْبَرُ
Adopt the recitation of the following formula which should be recited often at times available to the Saalik:
If one has the opportunity it is more efficacious and beneficial to fix one or two times daily for the Thikr of Isme Zaat instead of spreading the Thikr over a period or time. If the Isme Zaat is recited six or twelve thousand times, its beneficial effect will expedited.