Incorrect Beliefs And Actions
Here we mention a few incorrect beliefs, evil customs, and major sins which are committed quite often and which cause a shortcoming in one’s Imaan. In mentioning these things, it is hoped that people will guard themselves from them. Some of these are absolute kufr and shirk, some are very close to kufr and shirk, others are innovations and delusions, while others are sins. It is therefore necessary to safeguard one’s self from all of them. After mentioning these things, a few worldly harms of sinning and worldly benefits of good deeds will be mentioned. Since people tend to give more attention to worldly gains and losses, it is hoped that in this way there will be the desire to do good and abstain from evil.
Kufr and Shirk
This chapter deals with those aspects that have a special connection with kufr and shirk either because these aspects necessitate kufr and shirk, or because they are customs and habits of the kuffar and mushrikeen, or they have traces of shirk, or because they lead to kufr and shirk.
The following are forbidden in the Shariah:
- To like kufr, to appreciate the things of kufr, and to make someone else commit an act of kufr.
- To express regret or remorse at one’s own Imaan due to some reason or other, e.g. by thinking that if he were not a Muslim, he could have attained such and such a thing.
- To say the following things out of grief on the death of one’s children or close ones: “Allâh wanted to kill him only”, “he was the only person left in the world for Allâh to kill”, “Allâh should not have done this”, “No one perpetrates such brutality as You have done.”
- To think ill of or find fault with any order of Allâh and His Rasul sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
- To scorn at any prophet or angel, or to find fault with them.
- To have the belief that a particular saint or pious person has full knowledge of all our conditions at all times.
- To ask about unknown matters or to cause events to be foretold from an astrologer or person under the influence of a jinn, and then to believe in what they say.
- To take omens from the speech of a pious person and then to regard them as true.
- To implore someone from a great distance and to think that he must have definitely come to know of it.
10. To regard someone as having the choice of benefitting or causing harm.
11. To ask someone for the fulfilment of one’s needs, sustenance and children.
12. To fast in someone’s name.
13. To prostrate to someone.
14. To release an animal in someone’s name or to make an offering in someone’s name.
15. To make a pledge in the name of someone.
16. To make tawaaf around the grave or house of someone.
17. To give priority to other things or customs over the orders of Allâh Ta’âla.
18. To bow in front of someone or to stand motionless like a statue in front of him.
19. To make an offering of a goat to a jinn, etc.
20. To sacrifice an animal in the name of someone.
21. To make an offering or sacrifice a goat, etc. in order to rid one’s self of a jinn, ghost, or evil spirit.
22. To worship the navel-cord of the child so that it may live.
23. To cry out to someone (other than Allâh) for justice.
24. To respect and revere any place as one would do for the Ka’bah.
25. To pierce the ears or nose of a child and to make him wear an ear or nose-ring in the name of someone.
26. To tie a coin on the arm, or a string around the neck in the name of someone.
27. To make children wear garlands, wreaths, to keep locks of hair over their heads, or to make them beggars.
28. To keep names such as Ali Bakhsh (given by Ali), Husayn Bakhsh (given by Husayn), Abdun Nabi (slave of the prophet), etc.
29. To attach the name of a particular saint on an animal and to respect it thereafter.
30. To believe that the affairs of the world are under the influence of the stars.
31. To ask about auspicious and inauspicious days and dates and to take omens from them.
32. To regard certain months and dates as unlucky.
33. To recite the name of a particular saint in the form of remembrance or incantations.
34. To say that if Allâh and His Rasul sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wish such and such a thing, it will be done.
35. To take an oath in the name or on the head of someone.
36. To keep pictures of animate objects. Especially to keep pictures of a particular saint as a source of blessing and to respect it.
Apart from this, there are many other things. These have been mentioned in order to serve as an example.