1. It is an evil habit to take an oath over trivial matters unnecessarily. In doing this, great disrespect is shown to the name of Allah Ta’ala. As far as possible, an oath should not even be taken on things that are true.
2. If a person takes an oath in the name of Allah by saying: “I swear by Allah”, “I swear by God”, “I swear by the power of Allah”, or “I swear by the greatness of Allah”, the oath will be considered. It will not be permissible to go contrary to the oath. If the name of Allah Ta’ala is not taken, and one merely says: “I take an oath that I will not do such and such work”, the oath will still be considered.
3. The oath will also be considered if the person says: “Allah is a witness”, “I am making Allah a witness and saying this”, or “I am saying this bearing in mind that Allah Ta’ala is present and listening to what I am saying”.
4. An oath will also be considered if a person says: “I swear on the Quran”, “I swear by the word of Allah”, or “I swear by the kalaam-e-majeed“. If the person takes the Quran in his hand or places his hand on the Quran and says something but does not take an oath, an oath will not be considered.
5. A person says: “If I carry out a certain act, I will die without Imaan”, or “at the time of death I will not be blessed with Imaan”. Alternatively, he says: “If I carry out a certain act, I am not a Muslim.” In all these cases, the oath will be considered. If he does anything contrary to the oath, he will have to give kaffarah. However, he will not lose his Imaan.