Given below are some Urdu verses with their English translation:
Zamana to bhari hairat se dhekh raha tha
Islam ki Haqeeqat aur Islam ki Shaan ko.
Hum hi so gaye ghaflat ki gehri neend me.
Ai Mu’meeno, abhi bhi waqt hai, sanwar jao,
dushmano se muqable ke liye jago aur jagao.
Naye jazbe se Islam ka jandaa phir se lehrao.
The world was watching with great amazement
Islam’s reality and Islam’s magnificence.
It was we who fell into a deep slumber of indifference.
O you believers, there is still time, let us become alert.
Wake up and awaken others to confront our enemies.
With new enthusiasm let us once again wave Islam’s flag.
(Inspired by Saqib Lakhnavi’s verse:
zamaana bade shauq se sun rahaa thaa
hamin so gaye dastaan kahete kahete)
In the above verses we are asked to confront our enemies. Now let us ponder on who these enemies are and how we can confront and overpower them. These enemies can actually be divided into two categories:
First category: Enemies who are in human form and who are opposed to Islam and who are trying their level best to bring its downfall.
Second category: This category consists of four enemies. They are always with us or around us and they can become a hindrance to our spiritual development.
To know these four enemies of the second category we just have to look at the Urdu word ‘DUSHMAN’, which actually means ENEMY in English. It contains the initial syllables or sounds of the Urdu names of all the four enemies as shown underneath:
DU: Duniya or the materialistic world.
SH: Shaytan or the Devil.
MA: Mahol meaning our social environment.
N: Nafs our inner self or soul.
Duniya, with all its glitter and glamour, is a very enticing place. At times, we get so carried away by it that we become its slaves and forget our Lord. Our purpose of coming to this world is to do His Ibadah or to worship the Almighty who has given us this life and our aim should be to gain His pleasure only.
It is very sad that many of us tend to live lives that are totally against the commands of Allah, Most High and the Sunnah of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam because of our intense attachment to the Duniya. Remember, living a lavish lifestyle and possessing ultra-modern cars, luxurious houses, state-of-the-art digital devices and putting on very expensive branded clothes are some of the signs of the deep love for this Duniya.
This is the same Duniya that is not worth even a mosquito’s wing in front of Allah Ta’ala. Sahl bin Sa’d (radhiaAllāhu ‘anhu) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “If the world was worth a mosquito’s wing to Allah, He would not have given the disbeliever even a sip of water.” (Tirmidhi].
Just imagine, we are travelling by ocean in a boat. As long as the water of the ocean does not enter our boat we are safe. However, the moment we let that water get into our boat then we are at great risk. In the same manner while we are using Duniya to fulfill our needs we should not let it take our control otherwise our Imaan can be put into great jeopardy.
In short Duniya can become a hindrance to gain entry into Jannah and as such we should consider it as our enemy.
Shaytan is our vehement and open enemy! He has no desire or goal other than to corrupt our beliefs and to wreak havoc on our Imaan. If we do not fortify ourselves from him through remembrance of Allah, resorting back to Him and seeking refuge with Him, we can become a breeding ground for Shaytan. He can lure us to actions of disobedience, entice us to perpetrate prohibited matters and push us to embark upon lewd sins. What an annihilation of our religion it can turn out to be and what a corruption of our Imaan can it be if we submit to him!
Ibn al-Qayyim, May Allah have mercy upon him, says: “Beware of enabling Shaytan to establish himself in the very home of your thoughts and intentions, as he will corrupt them in such a manner that will make difficult its correction thereafter. He will cast all sort of whisperings and harmful thoughts at you and he will prevent you from thinking about what may benefit you and it is you who have aided him against yourself by empowering him over your heart and thoughts and he then placed you in the possession of such thoughts.” [Al-Fawaa’id, pg. 309]
Further, Allah has warned us against following him and commanded us to bear animosity towards him and to oppose him, He says:
“Undoubtedly Shaytan is an open enemy to man!” [Surah Yusuf 12:5]
Mahol or our social environment
Our lifestyle can greatly be influenced by our social environment. All of a sudden one lady from our family decides to stop putting on her Niqab just because her neighbouring friend does not put one. At times some of us would stop going to the Masjid just because our neighbours and our friends are not going.
However, the major evil created by the social environment is the craze amongst today’s Muslims to follow the latest fashions without even ensuring that the trends they are adopting are within the parameters of Shari’ah.
Thus, the way we and our family members dress-up, the social functions and other gatherings we attend, the way we bring up our children, etc. can cease to be in accordance with the Islamic Shari’ah because of the wrong influence of the social environment we are living in.
The problem occurs because of our tendency to follow ‘the crowd’.
Ibnul Qayyim Rahimahullah said, “Tread the path of truth and do not feel lonely because there are few who take that path. But beware of the path of falsehood and do not be deceived by the vastness of the Perishers.”
In short our un-Islamic environment can become our enemy.
The word Nafs can mean the soul, psyche, ego or self.
Every time we do something wrong we tend to blame Shaytan, and we forget the enemy that resides right inside us!
Yes, we have an enemy inside us that moves, eats, drinks, and sleeps with us.
It is our Nafs. Yes, our own Nafs.
Ibn al Qayyim said:
“Nafs is a mountain in your way to Allah. Imagine you are traveling to Allah and there is only one way to Allah. In the way, there is a huge mountain. That mountain is your nafs. If you want to continue traveling to Allah, you must climb that mountain in order to make it. If you don’t, you will not make it to Allah.”
If we fail to exercise control over our Nafs then it can lead us to commit sins about which we are not even conscious like backbiting, casting lustful glances, breaking ties with the next of the kin, watching movies/videos etc.
Someone has rightly said that if you crush your Nafs with your left foot then your right foot can lead you to Jannah.
The Most Dominating Enemy
Out of all the four enemies, which one has the most dominating powers?
To find out the answer to this question let us look at the following situation:
In a very provocative manner Duniya presents in front of us a semi-clad woman so that we can cast our lustful glance on her.
Shaytan strongly whispers at us to look at her.
The Social Environment convinces us that that there is nothing wrong looking at her since everyone is doing so.
It now solely depends on our Nafs to make us look at her or not.
If our Nafs succeeds in luring us into looking at her then it is a victory for Duniya, Shaytan and the Social Environment.
However, if the Nafs stops us from casting our glance at her then it is a humiliating defeat for all these three enemies.
In short our Nafs plays the most crucial role in letting us commit a sin or in stopping us from doing so.
It all depends on how we train our Nafs. If we train it in the right manner then the other three enemies can be rendered powerless.
Overpowering Enemies of both the Categories
Let us now examine how we can defeat the enemies of both these categories.
To win the enemies of the first category many of us try to befriend them or get very close to them. We even start adopting their lifestyle in every respect, be it the way we dress up, the way we organise and celebrate various functions, the types of foods we eat and the way we eat them, the way we bring up our children etc. Some of us go to such extent in imitating them that we actually cease to look like Muslims.
Remember, we can never win them by adopting their lifestyle. In fact, embracing their culture and customs can have very far-reaching consequences. They can be figured out from hadeeth No. 4020 from Sunan-Dawud’s Book 27, Chapter 1506 (Wearing clothes for gaining fame), which states the following:
“‘AbdAllah ibn ‘Umar (RadhiAllahu ‘anhum) narrated that Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: He who copies (imitates) any people is one of them“, or words to that effect.
There are many of us who also use various other un-Islamic ways to overpower these enemies.
However, Muslims cannot overpower their enemies or win against them by using any of the above methods.
Islam has provided us with a very distinct way to defeat the enemies of both these categories. That way is to recognise Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala and gain His closeness! Once we gain His closeness then we will be in a position to beseech Him for His assistance to confront and defeat all our enemies.
Given below are some of the ways by which we can get closer to Allah and also attain His love:
- Ikhlas: Ikhlas means sincerity of intention. Whatever we to do, whether internal and external, our sole desire should be to gain the pleasure of Allah only.
- Being very regular and punctual in our five-time Salah. Men should go to the Masjid and women should pray at home.
- Inculcating the practice of offering NawafilSalah.
- Having Khushu(humility) and Khudhu (concentration) in our Salah.
- Making profound Zikr ofAllah.
- Reciting Kalimah Tayyibah, sending Durood Shareefto the Rasulullah (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and making Istighfar (seeking forgiveness) as often as we can.
- Striving hard to fulfil the Rightsof Allah, may He be exalted. Refraining from that which Allah has instructed us to refrain from, like illegal earning, consuming haraam, committing Zulm (oppression) etc.
- Recognising the Wisdom, the Powers, theMight, the Jalaal, and numerous other attributes of Allah Jalla Jalaluhu.
- FearingAllah, seeking Allah and being humble to Him.
- Developing in our hearts an intense love forHis Beloved Nabi Muhammad (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and ardently following his Sunnah.
- Getting attached to Allah’s Kitaab, the Qur’an Majeed, and trying to recite it as often as we can.
- Fulfilling the rights of others starting strictly with our parents.
- Adopting the practice of visiting the sick.
- Using the bounties that Allah has presented to us in the manner that would please Him. We should not use our eyesto cast lustful glances, ears to hear music, tongue to backbite and telling lies etc.
- Ensuring that others are safe from our tongueand hands.
- Keeping ourselves clean of the vices like pride, miserliness, greed etc.
- Trying our best to maintain good relationshipwith the next of our kin even if we have to humiliate ourselves or go out of our way.
- Being constantly aware of ever impending deathand getting prepared for it.
- Being concerned about the life of the Aakhirat (the Hereafter).
Finally, to gain proximity to Allah we must get involved in the work of Da’wah. It is one of the most important Islamic responsibilities. Indeed, it is the noblest and the most sublime duty of every Muslim.
Allah says in his Holy Qur’an: You are the best of all nations who have been raised for mankind. You command what is right, forbid from evil, and believe in Allah. [Surah Aal-imran 3.110].
A Historical Truth
There was a time when Muslim were dominating the world!
They moved from success to success and attained the highest pinnacle of glory in history. For centuries, they ruled on this earth with such grandeur and strength that no contemporary power had the courage to challenge them and, if someone dared to do so, he did that at the risk of being annihilated.
This is the historical truth, which cannot be erased!
The reason for their paramount success was: They were very close to Allah. They realised beyond any doubt that because of this closeness, His Divine help would always be with them.
All the powers on this earth, however superior they may be, can be rendered powerless once you have gained a close proximity to your Lord, the Malikul Mulk.
Be to Allah as He wishes, and He will be to you more than you can wish for -Ibn al-Qayyim.
May Allah grant us the ability to gain closeness to Him…Aameen.
…and Allah Ta’ala knows best