The Miracles that Hadhrat Moosa عليه السلام showed to Fir’oun and his People

Surah Bani Israa’eel mentions that Hadhrat Moosa عليه السلام showed nine miracles to Fir’oun and his people in total. Surahs TaaHaa, Naml, Zukhruf and Naazi’aat also make reference to these miracles, describing them as clear, detailed and magnificent signs. These verses do not list all the signs, but mention many separate ones.

All of those mentioned number 15 in total and they are:

  1. The staff
  2. The hand
  3. Drought
  4. Shortage in produce
  5. Storms
  6. Locusts
  7. Lice
  8. Frogs
  9. Blood
  10. Splitting the sea
  11. Mann and Salwa
  12. Being shaded by the clouds
  13. Water from a rock
  14. Raising a mountain over the heads of the Bani Israa’eel
  15. Revelation of the Torah

All these miracles of Hadhrat Moosa عليه السلام have been mentioned in the Qur’aan. The Ahadeeth also mention a few more. A narration of Tirmidhi from Hadhrat Safwaan bin Mu’attal رضي الله عنه states that two Jews decided to test Rasulullaah صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم , so they asked him to explain what were the nine signs that Hadhrat Moosa عليه السلام showed the people.

Rasulullaah صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم   replied that the nine signs were:

  1. Not to commit Shirk
  2. Not to commit adultery
  3. Not to murder
  4. Not to steal
  5. Not to commit black magic
  6. Not to take interest
  7. Not to accuse a chaste person of adultery
  8. Not to flee from the battlefield
  9. Not to contravene the sacredness of the Sabbath

When they heard this, the two Jews kissed Rasulullaah صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم  hands and left. Since these nine signs seem contrary to the ones mentioned in the Qur’aan, scholars have rendered various explanations, which are too length to repeat here.

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas رضي الله عنه has listed the following as the nine signs:

  1. The staff
  2. The hand
  3. Drought
  4. Shortage in produce
  5. Storms
  6. Locusts
  7. Lice
  8. Frogs
  9. Blood

These have also been listed by Hadhrat Mujaahidرحمه الله, Hadhrat Ikrama رحمه الله, Hadhrat Sha’bi رحمه الله and Hadhrat Qataadah رحمه الله. Allaama Ibn Katheer رحمه الله has preferred this opinion.