‛Allāmah Sha‛rānī rahimahullāh says the Hadīth states:

The Ulamā’ are the heirs of the Prophets

Who does it refer to; the Auliyā’ or the Jurists? The

answer is that it refers to practising ‛Ulamā’,

Because they combine words with actions.

Now when we talk about practical application, the

masses get angry at us and want to know why we

speak about this. Whereas I am actually quoting the

words of Shaykh Akbar Muhīyy ad-Dīn ibn ‛Arabī to you.

The real heirs of the Prophets alayhimus salām

are these very ‛Ulamā’ who combine words with

actions. Their inheritance is not restricted to words

but extends to actions and conditions as well. This is

how the ‛Ulamā’ of the past were. That is, they

combined words with actions. They also emulated

Rasūlullāh sallallāhu alayhi wa sallam in his

character and mannerisms. Later on, the majority of

people lagged behind in actions and conditions. They

had knowledge but not actions. Such ‛Ulamā’ are not

worthy of being referred to as heirs of the Prophetsalayhimus salām.


We learn from the above that if there are only words

without actions, then this is misguidance. The

‛Ulamā’ and Sufis noticed that this special quality of

Rasūlullāh sallallāhu alayhi wa sallam was

disappearing from the people. If nothing was done to

preserve it, the very essence of Dīn will cease to exist

and misguidance will become common. They went

into deep discussions on this issue. Today words are

considered to be everything, while people know

nothing about actions and conditions.


I was going from my hometown to Thānah Bhawan,

and intended proceeding for hajj from there. I met a

student along the way. Whenever we stopped at a

station and I needed water, he would run and bring it

for me. He did his utmost to help and serve me in

whatever way he could. I asked him: “Where are you

going to?” He replied: “I am going to Madrasah

Mazāhir al-‛Ulūm, Sahāranpūr.” When we reached

the Sahāranpūr station and he was about to bid me

farewell, he said: “I am fully aware of the condition of

your journey. When you go there [Makkah], you must

make du‛ā’ that I become an expert orator.”

I thought to myself, he is asking me to make du‛ā’

that he becomes an orator, but not for the

acquisition of knowledge and practice. Nonetheless, I

made du‛ā’ for him.


Hadrat Maulānā Muhammad Anwar Shāh Sāhib

Kashmīrī rahimahullāh used to speak about an

illustrious Muhaddith. When he reached there

[Makkah], he made du‛ā’ that he must be able to

follow the Sunnat. There were others with him. They

made du‛ā’ that they become hāfiz, but he only made

du‛ā’ to be able to follow the Sunnat. Anyway, that

student requested me to make du‛ā’ for him. I

remembered him when I reached Makkah and made

this du‛ā’ for him. I was still astonished that at a

place where du‛ā’s are accepted, he did not ask me to

make du‛ā’ that he dies on īmān. He ought to have

asked me to make du‛ā’ for the acquisition of

knowledge and steadfastness on the Sharī‛at.


When I returned from hajj, I learnt that the student

passed away not long after that and could not even

reach the time when he could deliver lectures. Had

he remained alive, he probably would have learnt to

deliver lectures. Nonetheless, I ask, even if someone

did become an expert orator, of what benefit would

that be? A mere lecture which is devoid of action has

no benefit apart from making the masses your

followers. You will derive no benefit from this in the

Hereafter. Understand this well.

If you are irked by what I said, you may continue

being so. The fact remains that for you to be an heir

of the Prophets alayhimus salām, words alone are

not enough. It is essential for you to couple your

words with action as was the case with our pious

predecessors. That is, they combined words with


Shaykh Muhīyy ad-Dīn ibn ‛Arabī rahimahullāh was

an esteemed scholar. He displayed the greatness of

the Sharī‛at. He said that the most essential thing

after Rasūlullāh sallallāhu alayhi wa sallam and the

most blessed thing for those who come after him is

that it is the responsibility of the ‛ulamā’ to preserve

the Sharī‛at. It is really scholars like these who

preserve the Sharī‛at.

I say to you, it is necessary for everyone to practise

on the Sharī‛at – the ‛Ulamā’ and the masses.

However, preserving the knowledge of the Sharī‛at is

the responsibility of the ‛ulamā’. Just as tabarrukāt

(items of blessings of the pious) are preserved, the

Sharī‛at ought to be considered to be a tabarruk and

be preserved and protected.

If the ‛ulamā’ do not preserve it, knowledge of the Sharī‛at will depart and

their names will be struck off from the register of ‛Ulamā’.


Source:  Marif Muslihul Ummat