VIRTUES OF SALAAM & ETIQUETTE – PART 2

The Correct Words Of Salaam

Abu Tameema narrates from a Sahabi who reported, “I said ‘Alaikas Salaam (Upon you be peace) O’ Messenger of Allah.”

The Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “Alaikas Salaam are the words of the deceased person’s salaam. When one of you meets his fellow brother, he should say Assalamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullah.”

The Manner Of Greeting The Dead In The Grave Yard

It has been narrated by Hazrat Abu Huraira (Radiallahu Anhu) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) came towards the cemetery and said, “Alaikas Salaam (Upon you be peace), O’ people of this abode, from amongst the believers, verily, if Allah wishes, we are going to join you in a short while.”In another narration it has been narrated thus, that when the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) passed by the graves, he would say, “Salaam be upon you, O’ people of this abode from the believing men and believing women, Muslim men, Muslim women, pious men, pious women, indeed if Allah wishes, we will join you.”The first narration has been narrated by Imaam Abu Dawood and the second narration has been narrated by Allama Suyuti in his book Jaame-us-Sageer.

Giving Salaam To The People Of A Gathering

It has been narrated by Hazrat Abu Huraira (Radiallahu Anhu) that the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “If any one of you enters any gathering, he should give salaam. He should then remain seated to that extent he has in his mind, and when he decides to return, he should again give salaam. The reason being that the first salaam is not more rightful than the second, that is, he gives the first salaam and not the second.” This narration has been narrated by Imaam Abu Dawood, Imaam Tirmizi and Ibne Sunni.

Reply To A Third Person’s Salaam

A person from (the tribe of) Banu Tameem narrates from his father who narrates from his paternal grandfather that he arrived in the presence of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and said, “My father sends salaam upon you.”The Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) replied, “Wa Alaika Wa’alaa Abeekas Salaam (Peace be upon you and your father).” Imaam Abu Dawood, Nasai and Ibn Sunni have narrated this.Similarly it has been narrated by Hazrat Aisha radiyallahu anha that the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “Jibraeel sends salaam upon you.”Hazrat Aisha (Radiallahu Anha) replied, “Wa Alaihis Salaam Wa Rahmatullahi Wabarakatuh (Peace be upon him and Allah’s mercy and blessings). You (O’ Prophet) can see things which we cannot.”

Similarly Imaam Bukhari and Imaam Muslim (Rahmatullaahi Alayh) have related Abu Huraira’s narration, he says, Jibraeel (Alyhis Salaam) the trustworthy arrived in the presence of the Noble Prophet and said, “This is Khadija, who is coming, she has with her a utensil in which there is curry (or he said food, or drink). When she arrives give, her salaam from her sustainer and myself, and give her glad tidings of a house in Paradise which will be hollow in which there will be no loud noise (din) nor weariness.”Ibne Sunni has narrated this narration in more detail. It is narrated by Amr bin Wahb that Hazrat Khadija (Radiallahu Anha) set out in search of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) in the upper part of Makkah Mukarrama. Hazrat Khadija (Radiallahu Anha) had the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)’s food with her. Jibraeel (Alyhis Salaam) the trustworthy met Hazrat Khadija (Radiallahu Anha) in the form of a man and questioned her regarding the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) . Hazrat Khadija (Radiallahu Anha) began to tremble and thought that, probably he is from those who are out to harm the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) .Hazrat Khadija (Radiallahu Anha) mentioned this incident to the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam). The Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) replied that he was Jibraeel (Alyhis Salaam) the trustworthy. He has informed me that he has met you and he has also told me that you have food with you and that is Hees (a sweet dish). Hazrat Jibraeel (Alyhis Salaam) the trustworthy has said, “Give salaam to Khadija from Allah the most glorious and eminent one, and give her glad tidings of a house in Paradise which will be hollow in which they will no loud noise (din) nor weariness.”Hazrat Khadija (Radiallahu Anha) said, “Allah the exalted is Himself As-Salaam (The Giver of peace) and peace comes from Him, Salaam be upon Jibraeel, he is the messenger of Allah. Salaam be upon you and salaam be upon all those who are listening but Shaytaan.

O’ Prophet of Allah, what is the hollow house in Paradise wherein they will be no loud noise (din) nor weariness?”

The Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) replied, “It will be a secure house made out of pearl.”

Giving Salaam Even After A Short Separation

It has been narrated by Anas (Radiallahu Anhu) that the companions of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) would walk together and when a tree would come in their way they would separate towards the left and right. Then on meeting each other, one of them would greet the other with salaam.

Salaam Upon The Noble Prophet Sallallahu Alaihe Wasallam At The Time Of Entering A Masjid.

Hazrat Abu Huraira (Radiallahu Anhu) narrates the saying of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), “When anyone amongst you enters a Masjid” or he said, “When anyone amongst you arrives at a Masjid, he should send salaam upon the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and say, ‘Allahumma aftahli abwaba rahmatik’, (O Allah, open the doors of your mercy for me) and when he comes out of the Masjid he should also then send salaam upon the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and say, ‘Allahumma a’ithni min ash-shaytaan ir-rajee’ (O Allah give me refuge from the accursed Shaytaan). In the narration of Ibn Majah these words have been narrated, ‘Bismillahi was-salaamu ala rasullullahi’ (I begin in the name of Allah, Salaam be upon Allah’s Messenger).”

The Virtue Of Giving Salaam In One’s Own Home And Then Setting Out

It has been narrated by Abu Umamah Al Ba’ali from the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) that he said, “There is no one like he who performs wudhu thoroughly and then washes both his hands, feet and face, then gargles his mouth and performs his wudhu in the manner in which Allah has commanded him but sins which he has committed by talking or walking towards are wiped away, such that sins committed by his limbs are forgiven. When he walks towards the Masjid he gets one reward for every step he takes. His salaah remains an extra bonus for him, that is when he enters upon his family, greets them with salaam and lies down upon his bed, for him is the reward of a full nights worship.”Likewise it has been narrated by Abu Umamah al-Ba’ali that the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said, “They are three people under the care of Allah the most glorious and eminent one; one who goes out in the path of Allah as a Muslim soldier is in the care of Allah until Allah takes his soul away. He will be entered into paradise or Allah will return him with reward and booty which he has gained. The second person who is also in the care of Allah until Allah takes his soul away, is he who walks towards the Masjid. Allah will enter him into Paradise or make him return, giving him reward and booty which he has gained. The third person who is in the care of Allah is he who enters his own home and gives salaam.” Ibn Sunni has mentioned both of these narrations.Imaam Bukhari in his book Al-Adabul Mufrad has mentioned a narration, “There are three types of people who are all in all in the care of Allah. If they stay alive they will find a life of sufficiency and if they pass away they will enter Paradise. One is he who enters his own home by giving salaam, is in the care of Allah the most glorious and eminent one. The second person who is in the care of Allah the most glorious and eminent one is he who goes out towards the Masaajid. The third person who is in the care of Allah, is he who goes out in the path of Allah.”

Also Ibn Sunni relates a narration of Abu Huraira that he said, “It is the saying of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) that definitely there is an illumination and light for Islam, like a pathway which is well lit. That a Muslim should worship Allah and must not associate anything with him. He must carry out Fardh Salaah, give Zakaah, perform Hajj of Baitullah, keep the fast of the auspicious month of Ramadhaan and enjoin right conduct and forbid indecency. To give salaam to your household when you enter upon them, and to give salaam upon those Muslims you pass by. If they reply to your salaam then the angels will return salaam upon them and if they do not answer to your salaam, the angels will reply to your salaam, and curse them or they will stay quiet with them. Whoever has let go of one of the above mentioned then he has let go of a part of Islam and whoever throws them all away has thrown Islam behind his back.”Likewise a narration of Sahih Muslim is narrated from Miqdad ibn Aswad , he says we three companions arrived in the presence of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)Then the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) took us to his household (family), there were three goats there. He (The Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) ) told the three of us to take the milk and distribute it amongst ourselves whenever we needed it. Miqdad says, “We obeyed the command and would leave a portion for the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam).” Hazrat Miqdad (R.A.) says that the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) would come at night and would give salaam in such a manner that it would not wake a sleeping person but would be heard by a person who was awake. Then he would go to the Masjid to pray his salaah and then would drink his own portion.