And Whoever Is Prevented By His Deeds Will Not Be Hastened Forward By His Lineage

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

The meaning of this statement is that actions and deeds are the means by which the servant attains whatever levels he may deserve in the hereafter as Allah says:

“And for all are levels (resulting) from what they have done.” [Surah al-An’aam, 6:132]

So whoever is prevented from reaching the high levels with Allah because of his deeds, his lineage will not benefit him and hasten him towards them. Allah  has prescribed and prepared the rewards according to actions, not one’s relations. He says:

“So when the horn is blown, no relationship will there be among them that day, nor will they ask about one another.” [Surah al-Muminoon, 23:101]

Allah has commanded hastiness in seeking His forgiveness and mercy by doing righteous actions as He says:

“And hasten to forgiveness from your Lord and a garden (Paradise) as wide as the heavens and earth, prepared for the righteous – those who spend during ease and hardship, who restrain anger, and who pardon people. And Allah loves the good-doers.” [Surah Aali-‘Imraan, 3:133-134]

And He says:

“Indeed, they who are apprehensive from fear of their Lord, and they who believe in the signs of their Lord, and they who do not associate anything (in worship) with their Lord, and they who give what they give while their hearts are fearful because they will be returning to their Lord – It is those who hasten to good deeds and they outstrip (others) therein.” [Surah al-Muminoon, 23:57-61]

In “Sahih al-Bukhari” and “Sahih Muslim”, Abu Hurairah narrated a Hadith in which he said that whenever the verse:

“And warn your closest relatives.” [Surah Ash-Shu’araa, 26:214]

…was revealed to the Prophet, he said:

“Oh group of Quraysh! Purchase your own souls (from Allah), for I cannot suffice you at all with Allah. Oh tribe of Abdul-Manaaf, I cannot suffice you at all with Allah. Oh Abbas Ibn Abdul-Muttalib, I cannot suffice you at all with Allah. And oh Safiyyah, aunt of Allah’s Messenger, I cannot suffice you at all with Allah. And oh Fatimah, daughter of Muhammad, ask me for whatever you want of my wealth, but I cannot suffice you at all with Allah.”

This is also attested to by the Hadith of Amr Ibn al-Aas  in which he heard the Prophet  saying:

“Indeed, the family of my father (meaning any relatives) are not (necessarily) my supporters. Rather, my supporters are only Allah and the righteous believers.”

It shows that allegiance with him is not gained merely by relations, no matter how close relatives they may be. It is only achieved by faith and righteous actions. So whoever is more complete in faith and deeds, then they are greater in alliance with him , regardless of whether they are close relatives or not.