“Remember Me, then, and I will remember you. And be thankful to Me, and be not ungrateful to Me.” (2-152)
Is Dhikr a deed of the tongue or the heart?
Dhikr ذکر : or "Remembrance" essentially pertains to the heart, but in so far as the tongue being the interpreter of the heart, the oral recitation of a Divine Name or a verse of the Holy Qur'an is also described as Dhikr ذکر . In other words, oral Dhikr ذکر can be worth the name only when it is accompanied by the "remembrance" of the heart.
As the great Sufi poet Rumi points out, the recitation of a Divine Name can have no efficacy if one keeps thinking of cows and donkeys while repeating it mechanically with the tongue.
One must, however, bear in mind that even a mechanical Dhikr ذکر without the heart being engaged in it is not altogether futile. It is related that the great Sufi Abu ` Uthman, hearing a man complain of such a situation, remarked that one should be grateful to Allah even for this favour of having drawn at least one organ of the body, the tongue, into His service. (Qurtubi)
The greatest merit of 'Dhikr' ذکر (Rememberance)
The merits of Dhikr ذکر are, indeed, innumerable. What greater merit could one wish for than the assurance that when a man "remembers" Allah, He too "remembers" him. Abu ` Uthman once claimed that he knew the time when Allah remembered His servants. The listeners grew curious as to how he could determine this. He replied that, according to the promise made in the Holy Qur'an, when a Muslim remembers Allah, He too remembers him, and thus everyone can know for himself that as soon as he turns to Allah and remembers Him, Allah too remembers him.
Obedience is the essence of Dhikr
Let us add that Verse 152 means to say that if men "remember" Allah by obeying His commandments, He will "remember" them by granting His pardon and His rewards. The commentator Said ibn Jubayr has, in fact, interpreted the Dhikr ذکر or "Remembrance" of Allah as obedience and submission to Him. He says:
فمن لم یطعہ لم یذکرہ وان کثر صلاتہ وتسبیحہ
"He who has not obeyed Him has not remembered Him, even though he has kept himself externally busy in offering (nafl نفل : supererogatory) prayers and reciting His praises."
Do not be of those who have forgotten Allah Subhaanahu Wa Ta’aala
This explanation is fully supported by a hadith cited by Al-Qurtubi on the authority of "Ahkam al-Qur'an احکام القرآن " by Ibn Khuwayz Mandadh. The Holy Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) has said that one who has been obeying Allah – that is, following the injunctions with regard to the lawful (Halal حلال ) and the unlawful (Haram حرام ) - has truly been remembering Allah, in spite of being deficient in (nafl نفل : supererogatory) prayers and fasting, while one who has been disobeying divine commandments has, in fact, forgotten Allah, in spite of devoting long hours to nafl نفل prayers, fasting and recitation of His praises.
The class of Dhikr of the True Believer
The great Sufi Master Dhu al-Nun al-Misri has said that the man who remembers Allah in the full sense of the term forgets everything else, and that, in reward of such a total absorption, Allah Himself takes care of all his concerns, and grants him something far more valuable for everything he loses. Similarly, the blessed Companion Mu` adh (Radiallahu Anhu) has remarked that in so far as winning absolution from divine wrath is concerned, no good deed on the part of man can compare with Dhikr ذکر . And in a hadith reported by the blessed Companion Abu Hurayrah (Radiallahu Anhu) Allah Himself says that so long as the servant keeps remembering Him and his lips keep moving in Dhikr ذکر ، Allah is with him.
Determined efforts are underway throughout the World, and especially South Africa, to subtly indoctrinate Muslims to accept Shia’sm as a fifth Madh-hab. The slogan of “unity in the Ummah” is deceptively employed to play on the emotions of the gullible public and to mislead them into embracing the evil Shia doctrine. It is vitally important for Muslims to understand that Shia’sm is a cult. This will be clear from the following, Insha-Allah:
The Shia concept of Imaamat:
A fundamental Shia belief is that there are twelve Imaams—eleven whom have passed away — who are sinless by nature and whose authority is infallible as it comes directly from Allah Ta’ala. Therefore, Shias often venerate the Imams as saints and perform pilgrimages to their tombs and shrines in the hopes of divine intercession. Shias have the following corrupt beliefs:
1. The Imam is created in the best shape and form.
2. Before conception, the preceding Imam is sent through a heavenly syrup which he drinks.
3. The Imam is born pure and circumcised.
4. The Imam's mother experiences light and noises before the birth of the Imam.
5. The Imam is created from sublime water and his spirit is created from a matter above that.
6. The Imam hands over the books, knowledge and weapons to his successor.
7. The Imam is the treasure of God's knowledge in the heavens and earth.
8. The Imam is informed by God what he intends to know.
9. He inherited the knowledge of future events.
10. He is more learned than Moosa alayhis salaam, who possessed the knowledge of the past only. His knowledge is from three directions: The Imaams knowledge is about the past, present and future. He can inform about what is going to happen the next day.
11. He is endowed with a secret from the secrets of Allah, knowledge from the knowledge of Allah Ta’aala.
(Ref: The Twelve Imams Taken From "A Shi'ite Anthology" By Allameh Tabatabaei and Wikipedia)
None of the above belief's are found in the Holy Qur’aan or in any of the teachings of Nabi Sallallahu alaihi wasallam. None of the Companions or the four A ’immah Radiallahu anhum held any such corrupt beliefs.
Explaining the true reality of ownership, Hakeemul Ummah Hazrat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thaanwi Sahib رحمه الله has made us aware of the deception of our thinking; everything will become clear at the time of death. Even whilst living in the world, nothing is truly ours. If someone says that; "At least it belongs to us prior to death and will only be separated from us at the time of death." This gives testimony to one's lack of understanding.
Hazrat Thaanwi رحمه الله gives the example of a most delectable dish; if it is the decision of Allah Ta'ala جل جلاله to deprive us of it, an individual may experience severe stomach cramps and diarrhoea. In this case, one will not be able to eat even a single morsel. What then is the point of attachment of anything when we do not have control? If Allah Ta'ala جل جلاله desires, a bounty can be snatched away from us whenever He wants.
In a Hadīth narrated by Hazrat Abu Hurairah رضي الله عنه, Sayyidina Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم has said; "O Allah! Grant sufficient sustenance to the progeny and followers of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) which is enough to keep them alive."
Hazrat Moulana Hakeem Muhammad Akhtar Sahib رحمه الله comments that since Sayyidina Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم was given the knowledge of the reality of this worldly life, and was well aware of the pitfalls, he did not ask for the luxuries of life for his family. He fully understood that the pleasures of this world were short-lived and they ultimately lead to the disobedience of Allah Ta'ala جل جلاله. Sayyidina Rasoolullah صلى الله عليه وسلم therefore set an example of austerity and contentment.
(To be continued ان شاء الله)
HADHRAT AHMAD BIN AASIM ANTAAKI (rahmatullah alayh)
Someone asked: "Do you yearn for Allah?" Hadhrat Antaaki replied: "No man yearns for an absent being. Since Allah is constantly present, I do not yearn for Him."
He said: He who fears the nafs attains salvation. One who fears (Allah) is grateful (to Allah).
Zuhd has four signs:
a) Trust on Allah.
b) Dissociation from creation.
c) Cultivation of sincerity (ikhlaas).
d) Bearing the calamities of Allah Ta'ala.
Man's hayaa (shame) and khauf (fear) are proportionate to his ma'rifat. The beauty of the heart is in silence.
A wise man is one who is grateful for the bounties of Allah Ta'ala.
Tawaadhu' (humility) is the elimination of pride and anger.
The select servants of Allah are always in a contemplative mood.
Explaining the conception of Yaqeen, Hadhrat Ahmad Bin Aasim Antaaki said: "Yaqeen is a noor which Allah bestows to a bandah (His servant). This noor enables the bandah's heart to view the Aakhirah and veils are lifted."
"The following three things purify the heart:
a) Companionship of the pious.
b) Tilaawat of the Qur'aan.
c) Tahajjud Salaat.
Hadhrat Antaaki (rahmatullah alayh) always emphasised the cultivation of the spirit of sacrifice to his mureed. One night 29 mureeds visited him. He spread the cloth and on account of lack of food he broke some bread into 29 pieces, placing one piece in front of each mureed. Then he removed the lamp. After some time when the lamp was returned, it was seen that all the pieces of bread were intact. No one had eaten. Having realised how little bread there was, every mureed left his share for the next one.
The Jamiatul-Ulama Gauteng is not a fund raising organization. When depositiong funds, make us your unfettered “Wakeel”. If you are depositing Zakaat, do please ensure that a few extra Rands are deposited in order to offset bank charges.
14 November 2017
Zakaat Nisaab: R 5 082.58 Mahr Fatimi: R 12 706.47 Minimum Mahr: R 254.12
THE HADEETH CORNER
وعن حكيم بن حزام رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: "اليد العليا خير من اليد السفلى، وابدأ بمن تعول، وخير الصدقة عن ظهر غنى ومن يستعفف يعفه الله، ومن يستغن يغنه الله” (متفق عليه)
Hakim bin Hizam (Radiallahu Anhu) reported that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said, "The upper hand is better than the lower one; and begin (charity) with those who are under your care; and the best charity is (the one which is given) out of surplus; and he who wishes to abstain from begging will be protected by Allah; and he who seeks self- sufficiency will be made self-sufficient by Allah."