Hazrat Salmaan (Radhiyallaahu anhu) said, “On the last day of Sh’baan, Nabi Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam addressed us (the Sahaabah) and said, ‘O People! There comes over you now a great month, a blessed month in which lies a night greater in virtue than a thousand months. It is a month in which Allah has made fasting compulsory by day. And has made Sunnah the Taraweeh by night. Whosoever intends drawing near to Allah by performing any virtues deed, for such person shall be the reward like the one who had performed a Fardh in any other time. And whoever performs a Fardh, shall be blessed with the rewards of 70 Faraa’idh in any other time…”
A Brief Explanation
In these brief words, Nabi Sallallaahu alaihi wasallam brought to the notice of the Sahaabah, in fact, the entire Ummah, the Blessedness and Holiness of this Auspicious Month of Ramadhaan-the days and nights, hours, minutes and seconds we are currently experiencing.
What we have learnt by the above Hadith are the basics of Ramadhaan everyone is supposed to be well aware of. In short, we will explain just a few important points, Insha Allah.
1) Those that are performed by the Ambiya with the permission of Allah Subhanahu Wata’aala. These are known as Mu’jizaat.
2) Those that are performed by the Kuffaar and the Faasiqeen etc with the assistance of Shaytaan. These are known as ‘Istidraaj.
3) Those that are performed by the Auliya with the permission of Allah Subhaanahu Wata’aala. The Auliya are the accepted pious servants of Allah Rabbul Izzat. Their piety is due to their deep and vast Taqwa.
Says Allah Ta’aala:
“And His friends are none other than those who Fear Him…”
With Istiqaamat (Steadfastness) they remain firm on the Shariah. The constant changing circumstances of health, wealth, weather, human emotions, personal needs and politics etc., does not in the least sway them from the path of The Shariah and The Sacred Sunnah. Due to this firmness and determination to please Allah at any and at all costs, they are honoured by Allah Ta’aala by displaying supernatural actions and deeds at times. Some Karaamaat are intentional others are inadvertent and involuntary. It is the Aqeedah of the Ahlus-sunnah wal Jamaa’at that the Karaamaat (Supernatural acts) of the Auliya is Haq (Sharah Aqaa-id Nasafi)
Once Hadhrat Moulana Maseehullah Rahmatullahi alayh advised a person who complained bitterly about his evilness and extreme weak spiritual state that: “Do not focus so much about your sins. Rather use your energies to reform yourself by making Taubah.”
The person responded by saying “Hadhrat, every time I make Taubah, I break my Taubah. So what is the sense of making Taubah?”
Hazratjee replied: “Clean clothing gets dirty after a day or two. It is understood that the clothing needs to be washed. No one says: “What’s the sense of washing my clothing. It will get dirty again. Similarly, the soul gets dirty when sin is committed. Just as one regularly washes and changes one’s clothing, so is there a need to “wash” the soul regularly even though you fear that you will sin again.”
Q. Could you please give me the breakdown of the three sections of Ramadhaan – what happens, who is forgiven, who is not, Night of Power – Laylatul Qadr, etc.?
A. Rasoolullah (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said that the first part of Ramadhaan – the first ten days – are Days of Allah Ta’ala’s Rahmah. In other words the Rahmat of Allah Ta’ala descends in profusion during these ten opening days and for this reason we find that abstaining from food and drink and standing for long periods in Taraaweeh Salaat are akin to habitual practices for us, whereas prior to Ramadhaan going without food and drink and standing for Twenty Rakaats Salaat after Isha were inconceivable. The lesson for us to learn from these first ten days is to resign ourselves to the Will of Allah Ta’ala and inculcate Rahmat (mercy, pity and compassion) and distribute this Rahmat to everyone.
The Second Ten Days are described as Days of Maghfirah as Allah Ta’ala forgives in abundance during these Ten Days. The middle ten days are the most difficult. If the bandah (servant of Allah) remains resolute and continues his/her Ramadhaan Ibaadaat with sincerity and constancy then Allah Ta’ala forgives the sins of these devoted servants of His. Just as Allah Ta’ala is forgiving during these middle days of Ramadhaan, we too, should be forgiving, accommodating and overlooking the mistakes and wrongs of others.
The Last Ten Days are described in the Hadeeth of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) as Freedom from Hellfire. It is the ultimate glad tiding. With happiness and joy we should engage in Allah Ta’ala’s Ibaadat and Taa’at with Salaat, Tilaawat, Saum, Sadaqah and virtuous character knowing and believing that Allah Ta’ala has announced our freedom from the awful abode of the Fire.
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