Imaam Shaafi’ (Rahmatullahi alaih) said: “Just as sight has a limit and it is ineffective beyond that point, similarly the aql [intelligence] also has a limit and further than that it is useless.” Issues such as Taqdeer and the Mutashaabihaat Aayaat [the allegorical verses of the Qur’aan] should not be probed. Mans’ intelligence is finite. It cannot comprehend infinite issues. We cannot encompass Allah Ta’ala in His Zaat and Sifaat –Being and Attributes. It is therefore moronic to delve into these issues. This is the import of Hazrat Imaam Shaafi’s statement. And, Allah Ta’ala knows best.
Q. What does the Shariah say about a Muslim brother who fights, swears and charges a fellow Muslim brother with the SAPS?
A. We are not aware of the circumstances of the dispute. Nevertheless, to fight and swear Muslims for base motives and out of wickedness are haraam and severely punishable. If a dispute develops between two Muslim brothers then the Qur’aan instructs us to settle the matter with Muslim-arbitration. The party refusing to allow for a Muslim-arbitration process is condemned in the Qur’aan.
Imaam Shaafi’ (Rahmatullahi alaih) said: “The position of ijma’ is greater than khabr-e-waahid.” [Ijma’ in the context of Imaam Shaafi’s statement, is the unanimity of the Sahaabah or Taabi’een on an issue, such as the ijma’ of the Sahaabah on twenty rakaats Taraaweeh Salaat. Khabr Waahid is a Hadeeth which has a single narrator in any stage of its transmission.]
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THE HADEETH CORNER
حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ بُكَيْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ عُقَيْلٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو سَلَمَةَ، أَنَّ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ لِرَمَضَانَ " مَنْ قَامَهُ إِيمَانًا وَاحْتِسَابًا غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ ".
Narrated Abu Huraira Radiallahu Anhu:
I heard Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam saying regarding Ramadan, "Whoever prayed at night in it (the month of Ramadan) out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven."