If a fasting person forgetfully eats, drinks or has sexual intercourse, the fast will not break. If he eats and drinks a full-stomach, even then the fast will not break. If he forgetfully eats or drinks several times in the day, the fast will still not break.
A person saw a fasting person eating or drinking something. If this fasting person is quite strong and is not greatly affected by fasting, it will be wajib to remind him that he is fasting. But if he is a weak person and is greatly affected by fasting, he should not be reminded that he is fasting. Instead, he should be allowed to continue eating.
A person slept away during the day. He saw a dream which made ghusl compulsory on him. (i.e. he had a wet-dream) In such a case, the fast does not break.
During the day, it is permissible to apply surmah (antimony), oil, and to inhale any fragrance. The fast is not affected by such acts irrespective of when this is done. In fact, after applying surmah, if the colour of the surmah appears in one's saliva or mucus in the nose, even then the fast will not break nor will it become makrooh.
It is permissible for a man to sleep next to his wife, to touch her and to kiss her. However, if, due to the passions of youth, there is the fear that these acts would lead to sexual intercourse, they should be abstained from. It will then be makrooh to carry out such acts.
A fly went down the throat, or some smoke or dust went down the throat on it's own. In such a case, the fast will not break. However, if one did this intentionally, the fast will break.
The following article is a collection of excerpts from a discourse of Hazrat Moulana Maseehullah Rahmatullahi Alayhi
It has been stated in the Hadith sharif that Rasulullah (sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) has said:
As far as Allah Ta'ala is concerned, after the performance of fara'idh (compulsory acts), the best loved act is that which makes a Muslim brother happy (provided that he himself suffers no harm) - Targib
1. AN IMPORTANT PRINCIPLE
At times, provided that there is no worldly or Deeni harm, to perform a certain task that will bring joy, bring cheer to another, bring pleasure to the person and make him happy as an act of kindness, is also an usul, a principle. This is also one type of order amongst other orders as far as the ahlullah are concerned. And whosoever does so is from the ahlullah!
2. AN INCIDENT CONCERNING HAJI SAHIB
Hadhratwala (Hadhrat Thanwi (R.A.)) related the following incident to us in his majlis: Some folk from Ranpur and surrounding areas went to perform Haj. Whilst there they went to visit and meet Hajisahib, (i.e. Haji Imdadullah sahib (R.A.) as Hajisahib was also (originally) from Ranpur.
When one is in a foreign country and one meets somebody from one's own country, and this person is also from one's hometown, and, on top of that, it is some relative and, moreover, a very close relative - for example, without prior notification one's son or brother pitches up - and one meets him, then how great will not one's happiness be! How much will one not enquire about his health and welfare, about the well-being of relatives, of acquaintances and of the people in the neighbourhood! This is part of a human being's natural disposition of empathy.
So, these people from Ranpur arrived at Hajisahib's (R.A) place and met him. They made salam, musafahah (i.e. shook hands), and got involved in inquiring about one another's health, the health of friends, the conditions prevailing back home, and in this way the conversation carried on and on. When about to take leave, these people commented to Hajisahib (R.A) concerning their visiting him, "Hadhrat, we have wasted so much of your time! You could have been making 'Allah! Allah!' - making the zikr of Allah Ta'ala, making ibadat and you could have kept yourself occupied and busy with your shagl. That is your normal practice. By our coming here, we have obstructed you!" This is the normal habit of asking for forgiveness at the end.
3. A SUPERFLUOUS CUSTOM
It has become a baseless custom for some people to apologise in this way, and it sometimes happens that inappropriate remarks are made without there being any necessity for it. In the same way some write in their letters to me or in their islahi notebooks, "If I have written anything contrary to proper etiquette please forgive me." My reply to this is, "This statement is superfluous. My heart is clean." Before writing (or speaking) one should take care to have full control over one's pen (or one's tongue), and when one writes with vigilance (or when one speaks having pondered first and understood properly) then why should the necessity arise for apologising?
4. A MISCONCEPTION
To carry on: When these folk apologised, our Dadapir, Haji Imdadullah sahib (R.A) replied, "Is that so? To keep oneself occupied with zikr, this is ibadat? And to sit with one's friends and to converse with them in order to bring happiness to their hearts, is this not ibadat?" (This our Hadhratwala (R.A.) related to us.) "Is it correct that to be engaged in zikrullah, (what people today commonly recognise as zikrullah) that only is ibadat? And to sit with one's friends to bring cheer to their hearts and to make them happy by talking to them, is this also not ibadat?"
Just see - in his era - exactly who was Haji Imdadullah sahib (R.A)? Ask the giants, those august personages recognised as "Qutbul Irshad" - Hadhrat Maulana Rashid Ahmed Gangohi sahib; "Hujjatul-Islam" - Hadhrat Maulana Qasim Nanotwi sahib and "Hakimul-Ummat Mujaddidul-Ummat" - Hadhrat Maulana Ashraf Ali (R.A.). Ask these giants who was Hajisahib (R.A) and what his qualities were!
Without doubt the Sunnah of our beloved Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam is based on divine knowledge from Allah Ta'aala. We as Muslims should practise upon the Sunnah unconditionally and have hope in the rewards which Allah has promised us for following the way of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam.
Today it has become an increasing trend that people have now inculcated some Sunnah practices into their lives due to scientific evidence showing the worldly benefit of the certain Sunnah practice. Although there is some merit in this, and it provides some form of support and evidence for the reasoning behind the practice, we should not make that the purpose and object of the practicing on the Sunnah.
Our original intention and sole purpose for practising should be to attain the love of Allah All-Mighty. The scientific evidence which gives credit to the Sunnah should be presented only as an eye opener for those with week Imaan (Faith) who are not practising on the Sunnah.
Dusting The Bed Before Sleeping!
Al-Bukhaari and Muslim narrated that Abu Hurayrah Radiallahu Anhu said that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said:
“When one of you goes to his bed, let him dust off his bed with the inside of his lower garment, for he does not know what came onto it after he left it. Then let him say: Bismika Rabbee wada’tu janbi wa bika arfa’uhu wa in amsakta nafsi farhamhaa wa in arsaltahaa fahfazhaa bimaa tuhfaz bihi ‘ibaadika al-saaliheen ( In Your name, my Lord, I lie down, and in Your name I rise. If You should take my soul then have mercy on it, and if You should return my soul then protect it as You protect Your righteous slaves).”
Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Sharh Muslim: “the inside of his lower garment” means its edge. What is meant is that it is Mustahabb to dust down his bed before lying on it, lest there be a snake or scorpion or other harmful thing in it. And he should dust it down with his hand covered by the edge of his lower garment, lest something bad happen to his hand if there is anything there.
Science now tells us that when someone sleeps some dead cells die and are dropped onto his bed sheet where it accumulates. These dead cells not easily visible and dust mites feed off them. Mites feed on the dead skin cells that we shed naturally in our sleep. Their mouths are designed like chopsticks in that they don’t open very far, so thin, protein-packed flakes of skin are ideal for them. A key to eliminating dust mites is getting rid of their food source, and that means dusting them with a cloth.
Most people think the Sunnah of dusting the bed is a way of eliminating harmful rodents and small insects but don't know that the issue is so much greater than that... It is very sad to find that most of us ignored such teachings of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. Wudhu And Depression!
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