Compiled by Shawana A. Aziz
Shaytan has no power to force mankind into committing sins
After being cursed, expelled from Paradise and being given respite until the appointed day, Iblees avowed, “Surely I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your Straight Path. Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left, and You will not find most of them as thankful ones (i.e. they will not be dutiful to You).” [Soorah al-A’raf (7): 16-17]
Ibn Abbas explained, “When Shaytan said this, it was a guess and an assumption on his part. Yet, the truth turned out to be the same because Allah says in Soorah Saba, “And indeed Iblees did prove true his thought about them, and they followed him, all except a group of true believers. And he had no authority over them, except that We might test him who believes in the Hereafter, from him who is in doubt about it. And your Lord is Watchful over everything…” [Soorah Saba (34): 20-21]
So, although Shaytan has no power over the believers, he is able to gain control over those who accept his ideas and follow him willingly.
Allah said to Iblees when he avowed to mislead the children of Adam, “Certainly, you shall have no authority over My slaves, except those who follow you of the Ghaawoon (those who go astray; criminals, polytheist and evildoers).” [Soorah al-Hijr (15): 39-42]
and it is mentioned in Soorah an-Nahl (16): 99-100, “Verily! He (Shaytan)has no power over those who believe and put their trust only in their Lord (Allah). His power is only over those who obey and follow him (Shaytan), and those who join partners with Him (Allah).”
Shaytan can thus, do no more than call people to misguidance and make it look attractive to them. He has no power over them to force them into doing what he wants. People who respond to his call do so because it suits their whims and desires. So blame is attached only to those who respond to him.
On the Day of Judgement, the Qareen (jinn companion who encourages evil deeds) will testify against man and disown the actions of man saying he was misguided in himself, receptive to falsehood and resistant to the truth as Allah says, “his Qareen will say, ‘Our Lord! I did not push him to transgression, (in disbelief, oppression, and evil deeds), but he was himself in error far astray.’
Allah will say, ‘Dispute not in front of Me, I had already in advance sent you the threat.
The Sentence that comes from Me cannot be changed, and I am not unjust to the slaves.” [Soorah al-Qaaf (50): 27-29]
Shaytan is given power over the believers because of their sins for example Allah’s Messenger said about a Qadhi (judge), “Allah is with the Qadhi so long as he is not unfair. If he judges unfairly, then He forsakes him and lets the Shaytan be with him.” [(hasan) al-Hakim and Bayhaqee]